Blood sugar levels can be affected by food intake at breakfast.
REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA — Expert diabetes Dr. Sarah Brewer suggests reducing foods that contain fast-digesting carbohydrates that can cause spikes in blood sugar (glucose). Examples of these foods include pastries, cornflakes, and white bread, which can increase the body’s insulin requirements.
“If we are also overweight, this can lead to poor glucose control. To be on the safe side, I recommend following a low glycemic index diet,” said Dr Brewer Express, Sunday (16/1/2022).
The NHS explains, the glycemic index (GI) is a ranking system for foods that contain carbohydrates. It shows how quickly each food affects blood sugar levels body when the food is eaten.
High glycemic foods are broken down quickly by the body, causing a rapid rise in blood sugar. High GI foods to limit include:
– Sugar and sweets
– Sweet soft drinks
– white bread
– White rice
Foods are low GI and are being broken down more slowly by the body, causing a gradual rise in blood sugar levels. Examples of low and moderate GI foods include:
– Some fruits and vegetables
– Whole grain foods, such as buckwheat porridge
While low GI foods can be part of a healthy diet, not all low GI foods are healthy. Healthy low GI options include whole-grain foods, fruit, vegetables, nuts, and whole grains. However, there are also unhealthy low GI options like chocolate and chips which can be high in fat.
“Relying on the GI alone is not a reliable way to decide whether a food or food combination is healthy,” says the NHS.