Immune Affects the Risk of Getting Pneumonia

The causes of pneumonia are pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA — Not only in COVID-19, immunity is also a very influential factor in a person’s risk of developing pneumonia. This was revealed by a specialist in internal medicine at the University of Indonesia Hospital, Dr. dr. Alvina Widhani, Sp.PD-KAI.

“Immune factors are very influential on a person can contract the disease” pneumonia or not,” he said in a press release at RSUI.

Alvina explained that the causes of pneumonia are pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. According to research, several types of germs such as Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenza, as well as respiratory viruses such as viruses that cause colds, flu, and COVID-19 which are mostly found in adults or elderly people aged 65 years and over with pneumonia.

One way that can be done to increase immunity is by vaccination to increase immunity by forming antibodies. That way, the body has the readiness to ward off bacteria or viruses that will enter the body.

“Pneumonia can be invasive and non-invasive, the immune system can change from non-invasive to invasive, so that” pneumonia vaccination This is an important thing to do for the elderly, where their immunity will be lower,” said Alvina.

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that people get the pneumonia vaccine as one of the steps to prevent pneumonia. The pneumonia vaccine can be given to infants, children, adults, and the elderly. According to the CDC, in adults 65 years of age and older, the pneumonia vaccine is 50-85 percent effective in protecting individuals from pneumonia.

Symptoms of pneumonia include headache, palpitations, nausea or vomiting. In addition, the skin changes color to blue and can even reduce appetite and affect mood.

To diagnose pneumonia, the doctor can examine the signs and symptoms that appear, ask the patient to perform a physical examination such as a chest X-ray, CT scan, sputum conditions, blood tests, pleural fluid examination and bronchoscopy.

Treatment for pneumonia patients can be seen from the cause and the presence or absence of comorbidities in these patients. Once this is known, it can be determined how appropriate treatment.

source: between

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.