Coup d’état in Burkina Faso
Coups take place mainly in the world’s poorest countries, where there is civil war or other serious security threats and where there have been successful coups in the past.
There have been seven coup attempts around the world in 2021. This is a record since 2000. For comparison, in 2015-2020, there were no more than two coup attempts per year in the world. Where do they most often try to change power by force?
The pandemic has affected
Coups now take place mostly in the world’s poorest countries, where there is civil war or other serious security threats and where there have been successful coups in the past, said University of Kentucky political science professor Clayton Tyne and associate professor of the School of Politics, Security and International Affairs at the University of Central Florida Jonathan Powell.
In his opinion, the increase in the number of coups was also influenced by the pandemic, which diverted the attention of the international community from living conditions in the poorest countries and at the same time worsened these conditions even more.
“The lesson learned from the coups over the past year is that the international community has been ineffective in dealing with them and there seems to be growing evidence that people inside countries where coups happen are more likely to put up with them.” ‘ Powell noted.
In 2021, the military seized power in Mali twice, coups took place in Sudan (also twice, the first attempt was unsuccessful) and Guinea. In Chad, the military came to power after President Idris Deby, who ruled the country for more than 30 years, was killed in battle against rebels in the north of the country. There was an attempted military coup in Niger, but it was thwarted. In Haiti, the president was assassinated.
In 2022, the story of the coups continued. In Burkina Faso, one of the poorest countries in Africa, there was also a military coup. On January 24, a group of military personnel appeared on national television announcing the removal of President Roch Kabore, the resignation of the government and the dissolution of Parliament, the suspension of the Constitution and the closure of the country’s borders.
The whereabouts of Kabore, who won the 2015 presidential election, is unknown. Lieutenant Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaoga Damiba, who previously commanded one of the country’s three military regions and was responsible for the security of the capital Ouagadougou, has been named the new leader of Burkina Faso.
Residents of Burkina Faso welcomed the change of power, writes The New York Times in Africa Declan Walsh. The ex-president has been criticized for failing to fight Islamist groups linked to al-Qaeda and the Islamic State. They operate mainly from the territory of neighboring Mali, because of their attacks in Burkina Faso, more than two thousand people were killed last year alone.
Burkina Faso holds the record among African countries for the number of successful military coups. The current seizure of power was the eighth since 1960, when the country gained independence from France.