News Why Latin America is registering "the largest dengue epidemic...

Why Latin America is registering “the largest dengue epidemic in its history”

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While the world watches closely the epidemic unleashed by the new coronavirus, America is going through the largest spread “in the history” of another disease: dengue.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "This was reported by the Pan American Health Organization ( PAHO) on Wednesday, in a report that states that in 2019 they were reported 3,139,335 cases of infection transmitted by mosquitoes and caused 1,538 deaths. “data-reactid =” 32 “> This was reported by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) on Wednesday, in a report that states that in 2019 they were reported 3,139,335 cases of infection transmitted by mosquitoes and caused 1,538 deaths.

That means that the number of people who contracted this disease during the past year is almost six times higher than the 2018 records (561,393).

Dengue cases in America. 2019 is the year with the highest number of cases recorded in history. .

Dengue cases in America. 2019 is the year with the highest number of cases recorded in history. .

The previous year with more cases in history in the Americas was 2015, when 2,415,693 were infected (30% less than in 2019).

“Countries like Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua reported three times more cases than in the previous year. Other countries and territories such as Antigua and Barbuda, Brazil, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique and the Dominican Republic reported between seven to ten times more cases of dengue, “PAHO said in its annual report.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "That means that the continent is going through an epidemic period of Dengue by first time since 2015. “data-reactid =” 56 “> That means that the continent is going through an epidemic period of dengue by first time since 2015.

In the first four weeks of 2020, 125,514 cases were registered, which exceeds the figure for the same period last year.

The illness

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "Dengue is transmitted primarily by female mosquitoes the spice Aedes aegypti and in recent years it has registered high propagation rates in different parts of the world. “data-reactid =” 59 “> Dengue is transmitted primarily by female spice mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and in recent years it has registered high propagation rates in different parts of the world.

Its first symptoms are high fevers followed by headaches and muscle, abdominal and joint pains. It can also cause nausea and vomiting.

Dengue PatientDengue Patient

More than three million cases of dengue were registered throughout 2019.

When it is a “severe dengue,” formerly known as hemorrhagic dengue, it can become a deadly disease.

According to data from the World Health Organization, this version of the disease was first identified in the middle of the last century during an epidemic in the Philippines and Thailand.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "" Today, it affects most of the countries of Asia and Latin America and has become one of the main causes of hospitalization and death in children and adults in these regions“says the international organization.” data-reactid = “83”> “Today, it affects most of the countries of Asia and Latin America and has become one of the main causes of hospitalization and death in children and adults in these regions“, says the international organization.

2019

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "Health reports indicate that the trend of"strong increase“Cases not only occur in this continent, but also in Asia and Africa.” data-reactid = “85”> Health reports indicate that the trend of “strong increase“Cases not only occur in this continent, but also in Asia and Africa.

In America, the largest increase in dengue incidence (number of cases per 100,000 inhabitants) is Nicaragua (2,692), followed by Belize (2,173) and Honduras (1,230).

However, Brazil is still a significant difference in the country with the most infected people: 2,226,865 (with an incidence of 737 per 100,000 inhabitants).

Behind the South American giant is Mexico in a greater number of cases by registering 268,458 in 2019.

Nicaragua is in third place with 186,173 affected by the disease during the past year.

SprayingSpraying

In different countries actions are taken to control dengue outbreaks.

Another striking aspect of the report is that in Honduras 17% of total cases are severe dengue, while in most countries that proportion is around or below 1%.

Uruguay is the only country in Latin America where there was not a single case of the infection throughout 2019.

Reactions

The worrisome PAHO report generated rapid reactions in different countries of the region.

In a newsletter sent to BBC Mundo, the Ministry of Health of Costa Rica reported that it registered a 76% increase in cases when making a comparison between 2019 and 2020.

According to the entity, only in the fourth week of this year (from January 19 to 25) there were 543 infections, while in the previous one there were 130.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = ""We have a drastic increase in cases in the Central American region, which requires the greatest commitment of each Costa Rican to fight the mosquito and eliminate breeding sites, “said the Director of Health Surveillance, Rodrigo Marín.” data-reactid = “120”> “We have a drastic increase in cases in the Central American region, which requires the greatest commitment of each Costa Rican to fight the mosquito and eliminate breeding sites, “said the Director of Health Surveillance, Rodrigo Marín.

Girls in a humble neighborhood in BrazilGirls in a humble neighborhood in Brazil

The mosquito that transmits dengue abounds in areas where debris and water wells accumulate.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = "Meanwhile, the representative of the Pan American Organization of the Health of Bolivia, Alfonso Tenorio, indicated that it is the "worst epidemic that has faced dengue in the history of the Americas“.” data-reactid = “141”> Meanwhile, the representative of the Pan American Health Organization of Bolivia, Alfonso Tenorio, indicated that it is the “worst epidemic that has faced dengue in the history of the Americas“.

The expert asked citizens for active participation along with government efforts to combat this outbreak, according to a report by the Bolivian newspaper El Debe.

In Paraguay, where President Mario Abdo was affected by the disease, a health emergency declaration for the epidemic was approved in the Senate on Thursday.

The measure may take effect on Monday, when the Chamber of Deputies votes to sanction a measure that will be valid for 90 days.

Among PAHO’s recommendations regarding the largest dengue epidemic recorded in history is that of a review of the emergency plans of each country, training health personnel and involving communities in control and prevention activities.

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