The virus that causes “Kissing Disease” is responsible for triggering multiple sclerosis. Scientists at Harvard University in the United States have come to this conclusion.
The virus that causes “Kissing Disease” is responsible for triggering multiple sclerosis
Ten million U.S. Army recruits took part in a study by Harvard scientists. Investigations have shown that almost all cases of multiple sclerosis are preceded by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, which causes “Kissing Disease”.
“Our group and others have been investigating the hypothesis that EBV causes MS for years, but this is the first study to provide convincing evidence of causation,” said Alberto Ascherio, a professor of epidemiology and nutrition at Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health and lead author. of the study, according to AlephNews.
The study lasted two decades and was published in the journal Science.
What is multiple sclerosis
It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, in which the immune system attacks the myelin sheaths that protect neurons in the brain and spinal cord. When this nerve sheath is damaged, the nerve impulses slow down or stop.
Multiple sclerosis can cause a wide range of potential symptoms, including vision problems, movement of the arms or legs, sensitivity or balance.
It is a condition that lasts a lifetime and can lead to severe disabilities, but can sometimes be moderate.
What is the Epstein-Barr virus? Ait is transmitted mainly by saliva, for example, by kissing or drinking alcohol from the same glass.
Epstein-Barr virus is the cause of mononucleosis, also known as glandular fever or “kissing disease”, and establishes a latent infection throughout life in the host.
A study by Cincinnati Children’s scientists shows that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) increases the risk of developing seven other serious diseases: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), multiple sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), arthritis juvenile idiopathic disease (JIA), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), celiac disease, and type 1 diabetes. In combination, these seven diseases affect nearly 8 million people in the United States.