Merdeka.com – The SARS-CoV-2 virus is still circulating and has not yet reached the level of herd-immunity vaccination. In order to tackle the pandemic Covid-19, the public is encouraged to get the vaccine in full or in two stages.
Even for survivors and people who have been infected. Covid-19 survivor is a term for people who are able to survive against. In addition, there is also a collection of people who have recovered from Covid-19.
A person who has been infected and then recovers, usually has obtained antibodies from a previous viral infection.
Launching from the official Instagram page of the Ministry of Health (Kemenkes), Covid-19 survivors can receive the vaccine three months after being declared cured. This refers to the recommendations of PAPDI and ITAGI, as well as looking at the response of each person’s body to the virus.
Risk of Infecting Again
Survivors of Covid-19 apparently still have the risk of being infected again. Although the body has recognized the SARS-CoV-2 virus and produces antibodies. Therefore, the Indonesian Ministry of Health advises to keep getting the vaccine.
How the Covid-19 vaccine works in the body. When the SARS-CoV-2 virus infects the body, B cells assisted by T cells in the body will turn into plasma cells. Then the plasma cells form specific antibodies against the SARS-CoV-2 virus.
Neutralizing antibodies are efficient at inhibiting infection of cells by viruses and preventing the body from being re-infected by them. The majority of recovered Covid-19 survivors have detectable antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 virus in their blood. Generally antibodies are formed in about 1-3 weeks.
Patients with severe symptoms usually have more neutralizing antibodies. than patients who are asymptomatic or have mild symptoms.
With vaccination, people with healthy immune systems get a great antibody response.
The exception is people who receive monoclonal antibodies as part of their Covid-19 treatment. It is recommended to wait at least 90 days after treatment, before vaccinating.
Requirements for Receiving Vaccines After Infecting
Quote from kawalcovid19.idThere are several conditions for survivors or people who have been infected with Covid-19. In addition to the requirements of 3 months after being declared cured by a doctor, including:
- No fever or temperature
- Blood pressure below 180/110 mmHg
- There has been no contact with people who are being examined or confirmed or are being treated for Covid-19 in the last 14 days. If there is contact, it is not recommended to vaccinate if you have symptoms of fever, cough, runny nose, and shortness of breath in the last seven days.
- Not pregnant
- For the second vaccine injection, there was no history of severe allergies due to the effects of the first vaccine injection and had severe allergies.
- Did not receive the vaccine in the past month
- Not currently taking certain medications, such as treatment for blood clotting disorders, blood disorders, immune deficiencies, recipients of blood products/transfusions, and immunosuppressive medications such as corticosteroids and chemotherapy)
- Prospective vaccine recipients who have comorbidities such as asthma, lung disease, Diabetes Mellitus/diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, kidney disease, autoimmune disease, epilepsy, HIV, or liver/liver disease, can receive the vaccine if the disease is controlled and not acute or asymptomatic.
As for the elderly group or age more than 60 years. Must only have two points from the following criteria:
- Difficulty climbing 10 stairs.
- Often feel tired.
- Have 5 or more of 11 diseases (hypertension, diabetes, cancer, chronic lung disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, chest pain, asthma, joint pain, stroke, and kidney disease).
- The difficulty of walking is about 100-200 meters.
- Experiencing significant weight loss in the last year.