The migration will increase the production, productivity and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and wages and salaries of workers in the developed countries, which are welcoming to people who come from the outside, according to an article published by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on Friday.
“The great wave of immigration to increase the production and productivity of the advanced economies in the short to medium term, pointing to the gains that a dynamic that is significant to the economy as a whole, can be read in the fourth chapter of the Economic Outlook in the World, published by the international monetary fund on Friday.
According to calculations by the IMF, the production increases by about 1% in the fifth year,” with two-thirds of the increase, if it should be “to increase productivity in the workplace, and the remaining one-third “of the increase of the employment.”
The results of the IMF-suggest that the gains to the households that immigration is brought about by too quicklyeven with a flow of potentially disruptive”, and that “the response was immediate and to the productivity of the work points to the existence of the gains are dynamic, with significant immigration, even in the short-term.
Some of the other findings highlighted in the study, is that “migration increases the world GDP, and in particular to an increase in productivity” and that “the average income per capita [por pessoa] of the native to rise to the extent that their skills are complemented by those of the migrants”.
According to the document, to the extent that migrants are able to enter the world of work, the locals go out to other functions, and, in many cases, it requires the skills of language and communication, advanced to, or for the performance of more complex functions”.
“So by the time the immigrants will go for the roles that they have little to offer the natives to increase their skills, leading to overall gains for the economy as a whole, due to specialization,” adds the article to the international monetary fund.
In the article, the IMF points out that remittances from abroad will increase the income per capita in the countries of origin, thus helping to counteract the potential negative effects of the emigration”, in spite of the economic gains from immigration, to economic development, “and they do not seem to produce ‘quick wins’ similar ‘ to that in the developed ones.
In developed economies, where it is found, for example, in the euro zone (including Portugal, the United Kingdom and the United States, and “active measures on the labour market, expenditure on education and training for adults, as well as policies aimed at the integration of migrants would enhance the gains of macro-economic immigration.
Another of the findings of the economists in the institution and headquartered in Washington, dc, is that “migration flows are shaped by demographic origin, and by income levels at the origin and at the destination,” and that “conflicts are an important factor of migration in developing economies”, the “start-up costs are high.”
The IMF further indicates that in the base-case scenario, “the share of immigrants between 2020 and 2050, it is virtually unchanged, at just over 3% of the world’s population, but migration from developing economies to developed economies continues to increase to about 16% of the total population in advanced economies, mainly due to the increase of the population in their countries of origin.
In one scene, which deals with climate change, these are considered to be a factor in migration pressures “muted”, but that’s less evident in sub-saharan Africa, where the increase of the temperature “has no effect, especially negative, on the revenues, which would compromise the ‘s’ trap, to the migration [impossibilidade de emigrar por motivos económicos] and to reduce the pressures of migration to regional” by increasing the built-in.
The IMF also points out the need for “international cooperation” to address the “large waves of migration and refugees, especially in developing countries,” and calls for the consideration of the “size distribution” of the cash flows, given the fact that immigration can affect, at least temporarily, some groups of countries, which are given to the people.