How to recognize the symptoms of breast cancer, can attack men and women

KOMPAS.comBreast cancer is a deadly disease that can affect anyone, both men and women.

Knowing and recognizing breast cancer symptoms as early as possible it is better for the patient to get treatment.

So that the opportunity or opportunity to recover from breast cancer could be bigger.

Also read: Viral, Video of KRL Users Bringing Merchandise Noisily with Officers, Here’s the Chronology

How to check the symptoms of breast cancer

Quoted from Kompas.com, (20/7/2021), breast cancer detection can be done by breast self-examination or realize.

This examination should be done every month, or can be 7-10 after the first day of menstruation.

Here are the steps to Realize.

1. Seen through a mirror

Stand in front of the mirror and raise your hands. While doing this step, make sure your shoulders are straight and parallel.

After that, put your hands on your waist.

Observe both breasts whether symmetrical or not, any changes in shape or color, swelling and or changes in the nipples.

Abnormalities that may be found are lumps, wrinkles, abnormal nipple position, skin structure, or redness.

2. Breast position

Raise your arms behind your head and push your elbows forward.

This is done to see if there are abnormalities in the breast.

Normal breasts, both will be lifted simultaneously.

3. Feel the lump

The next way can be to feel the breast. Use your fingertips and gently press the surface of the breast.

Feel whether there is a lump in the breast or not.

Feel each surface of the breast with several patterns, such as circular, right to left, top to bottom, middle to the side or up to the armpit.

4. Squeeze the nipple slowly

Observe whether there is fluid coming out or not. If the fluid that comes out is white, yellow or bloody, it indicates an abnormal breast.

5. Bend down and look in the mirror

Observe and feel whether there are certain changes in your breasts or not.

6. Examine the breasts by lying down

Give a pad on the side of the breast to be examined. Place your hands behind your head. After that, use your fingertips to do the check.

Also read: Why Men Can Get Breast Cancer? This is what the doctor said

In some cases, the characteristics of early-stage breast cancer may not cause any symptoms.

However, the doctor can identify the lump in the breast whether it is cancer or not with a mammogram.

quote Kompas.com, (14/7/2020), here are the characteristics of early-stage breast cancer that you need to know:

  1. Changes in breast skin texture
  2. Fluid comes out of the nipple
  3. Dimples on breasts
  4. Changes in lymph nodes
  5. Pain in the breast
  6. Nipples sink
  7. Reddish or bruised breast skin
  8. Swollen breasts

Breast cancer risk factors

Meanwhile, both women and men can observe and understand what are the risks of breast cancer in a person, such as:

  • Women over the age of 40
  • Family history
  • Previous history of cancer, although not breast cancer
  • Genetic factor mutates the BRCA 1 / BRCA 2 gene
  • History of early intercourse before the age of 12 years
  • Late menopause after 55 years of age
  • Production history of not having children
  • Production history not breastfeeding
  • Hormonal factors
  • Alcohol consumption
  • History of chest wall radiation
  • Environmental factor.

Also read: 3 Causes of Breast Cancer in Men

How to prevent breast cancer

Launching the Mayo Clinic, some risk factors, such as having a family history of breast cancer, cannot be changed.

However, there are lifestyle changes you can make to lower the risk.

The following are various ways to prevent or reduce the risk of breast cancer that can be done Kompas.com:

1. Avoid alcohol

Based on research on the influence of alcohol on breast cancer risk, it is recommended that you be able to limit alcohol consumption.

That’s because, even in small amounts, alcohol consumption can increase the risk of breast cancer.

2. Quit smoking

Evidence suggests an association between smoking and breast cancer risk, especially in premenopausal women.

3. Maintain weight

Being overweight or obese increases the risk of breast cancer. This is especially true if obesity occurs later in life, especially after menopause.

4. Breastfeeding

For a mother, breastfeeding may play a role in breast cancer prevention. The longer you breastfeed, the greater the protective effect.

5. Limit the dose and duration of hormone therapy

Combination hormone therapy for more than three to five years increases the risk of breast cancer.

If you are taking hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms, ask your doctor about other options. You may be able to manage your symptoms with nonhormonal therapies and medications.

6. Maintain a diet

Eating a healthy diet can lower the risk of some types of cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Maintaining a healthy weight is also a key factor in breast cancer prevention.

7. Choosing the right contraception

There is some evidence that hormonal contraceptives, such as the use of birth control pills and hormone-releasing IUDs, can increase the risk of breast cancer.

But keep in mind, the risk is classified as very small and decreases after you stop using hormonal contraception.

Also read: 9 Ways to Prevent Breast Cancer Before It’s Too Late

(Source: Kompas.com/Ellyvon Pranita, Mahardini Nur Afifah | Editors: Gloria Setyvani Putri, Mahardini Nur Afifah)

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