Knowing and recognizing breast cancer symptoms as early as possible it is better for the patient to get treatment.
So that the opportunity or opportunity to recover from breast cancer could be bigger.
Symptoms of breast cancer pic.twitter.com/TlSpYFxjXI
– at night? • JK’s (@noctekv) January 23, 2022
“Is there a lot of breast cancer cases?”
More than expected. According to data, breast cancer occupies the number one highest new case
This is the importance of doing BSE on a regular basis. Not all lumps are malignant tumors aka cancer, but it could lead to it pic.twitter.com/fMuACs01de
– at night? • JK’s (@noctekv) January 22, 2022
How to check the symptoms of breast cancer
Quoted from Kompas.com, (20/7/2021), breast cancer detection can be done by breast self-examination or realize.
This examination should be done every month, or can be 7-10 after the first day of menstruation.
Here are the steps to Realize.
1. Seen through a mirror
Stand in front of the mirror and raise your hands. While doing this step, make sure your shoulders are straight and parallel.
After that, put your hands on your waist.
Observe both breasts whether symmetrical or not, any changes in shape or color, swelling and or changes in the nipples.
Abnormalities that may be found are lumps, wrinkles, abnormal nipple position, skin structure, or redness.
2. Breast position
Raise your arms behind your head and push your elbows forward.
This is done to see if there are abnormalities in the breast.
Normal breasts, both will be lifted simultaneously.
3. Feel the lump
The next way can be to feel the breast. Use your fingertips and gently press the surface of the breast.
Feel whether there is a lump in the breast or not.
Feel each surface of the breast with several patterns, such as circular, right to left, top to bottom, middle to the side or up to the armpit.
4. Squeeze the nipple slowly
Observe whether there is fluid coming out or not. If the fluid that comes out is white, yellow or bloody, it indicates an abnormal breast.
5. Bend down and look in the mirror
Observe and feel whether there are certain changes in your breasts or not.
6. Examine the breasts by lying down
Give a pad on the side of the breast to be examined. Place your hands behind your head. After that, use your fingertips to do the check.
In some cases, the characteristics of early-stage breast cancer may not cause any symptoms.
However, the doctor can identify the lump in the breast whether it is cancer or not with a mammogram.
quote Kompas.com, (14/7/2020), here are the characteristics of early-stage breast cancer that you need to know:
- Changes in breast skin texture
- Fluid comes out of the nipple
- Dimples on breasts
- Changes in lymph nodes
- Pain in the breast
- Nipples sink
- Reddish or bruised breast skin
- Swollen breasts
Breast cancer risk factors
Meanwhile, both women and men can observe and understand what are the risks of breast cancer in a person, such as:
- Women over the age of 40
- Family history
- Previous history of cancer, although not breast cancer
- Genetic factor mutates the BRCA 1 / BRCA 2 gene
- History of early intercourse before the age of 12 years
- Late menopause after 55 years of age
- Production history of not having children
- Production history not breastfeeding
- Hormonal factors
- Alcohol consumption
- History of chest wall radiation
- Environmental factor.
Also read: 3 Causes of Breast Cancer in Men
How to prevent breast cancer
Launching the Mayo Clinic, some risk factors, such as having a family history of breast cancer, cannot be changed.
However, there are lifestyle changes you can make to lower the risk.
The following are various ways to prevent or reduce the risk of breast cancer that can be done Kompas.com:
1. Avoid alcohol
Based on research on the influence of alcohol on breast cancer risk, it is recommended that you be able to limit alcohol consumption.
That’s because, even in small amounts, alcohol consumption can increase the risk of breast cancer.
2. Quit smoking
Evidence suggests an association between smoking and breast cancer risk, especially in premenopausal women.
3. Maintain weight
Being overweight or obese increases the risk of breast cancer. This is especially true if obesity occurs later in life, especially after menopause.
For a mother, breastfeeding may play a role in breast cancer prevention. The longer you breastfeed, the greater the protective effect.
5. Limit the dose and duration of hormone therapy
Combination hormone therapy for more than three to five years increases the risk of breast cancer.
If you are taking hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms, ask your doctor about other options. You may be able to manage your symptoms with nonhormonal therapies and medications.
6. Maintain a diet
Eating a healthy diet can lower the risk of some types of cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Maintaining a healthy weight is also a key factor in breast cancer prevention.
7. Choosing the right contraception
There is some evidence that hormonal contraceptives, such as the use of birth control pills and hormone-releasing IUDs, can increase the risk of breast cancer.
But keep in mind, the risk is classified as very small and decreases after you stop using hormonal contraception.
(Source: Kompas.com/Ellyvon Pranita, Mahardini Nur Afifah | Editors: Gloria Setyvani Putri, Mahardini Nur Afifah)
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