The German population is getting older. Only in six municipalities has the average age not increased since the year 2000 – including three large cities in Hesse.
Three of the only six municipalities in Germany in which the average age of the population has remained the same or fallen over the past 20 years are in Hesse. This was pointed out by the Federal Institute for Population Research (BIB) based in Wiesbaden. According to the authority, which bases its information on the federal and state statistical offices, the average age in Frankfurt at the end of 2020 was 40.9 years, compared to 41.9 years at the end of 2000. In Darmstadt, the average age fell from 41.8 to 41 years in the same period. At the end of 2020, as at the end of 2000, people in Offenbach were on average 40.8 years old.
The only other of a total of 401 municipalities in Germany in which the population – contrary to the national trend – became younger between the end of 2000 and the end of 2020 are Leipzig (42.3 instead of 43.2 years), Regensburg (41.6 instead of 42, 1 years) and the Bavarian state capital Munich (41.6 instead of 42 years). Aging was also relatively moderate in Kassel (42.6 instead of the previous 42.4 years). In contrast, many municipalities in Thuringia, Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg have aged more than six years on average. The Hessian municipality with the strongest aging is the Odenwald district. Here the average age rose from 40.7 years at the end of 2000 to 46.2 years at the end of 2020.
Hessen is still in focus until April on the online demography portal of the federal and state governments. At the address www.demografie-portal.de there is a lot of information on demographic change. The “state months” focus on a specific federal state in turn.
Engagement and the importance of voluntary work are the focus of the presentation of Hessen.
Overall, according to the BIB, the aging of the population in Germany has been progressing for years, albeit with major regional differences. The reasons for this are a low birth rate and increasing life expectancy. At the turn of the millennium, the nationwide average age was 41.1 years; it has now risen to 44.6 years. The Federal Republic is one of the countries with the oldest populations in the world. Among the non-city states, Baden-Württemberg has the youngest people on average at 43.8 years, and Saxony-Anhalt the oldest on average at 48.1 years.
The Hessian state government sees the fact that some Hessian municipalities are resisting the aging trend as a sign of the attractiveness of the state, especially for younger people. “The Frankfurt and Rhine-Main metropolitan region in particular is of course an extremely attractive urban area with a high level of attraction worldwide,” said Axel Wintermeyer, head of the Hessian State Chancellery, who is also the state government’s demographics officer.
According to Wintermeyer, the state government is pursuing an “active, cross-departmental demographic strategy” that recognizes developments and also uses the opportunities associated with aging. Examples of measures: state support for civic engagement, measures to secure skilled workers and to maintain the same living conditions in the city and in the country.