Business Fuel cells for the long haul: With the hydrogen...

Fuel cells for the long haul: With the hydrogen Truck in the future

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Not the Car, but it is the-ton truck could turn on German motorways for the Climate. More and more corporations such as Daimler and Bosch rely on fuel-cell Truck. The nose in front yet Asian companies and a US-Startup that wants to be a second Tesla have.

Of Notker Blechner, boerse.ARD.de

As 1994 Mercedes presented the first fuel-cell prototype, the Necar, was the world of the car to feet. Many wanted to see with my own eyes, such as from the exhaust of the Necar pure water vapor flowed. However, the hoped-for H2-Revolution on German roads was. The hydrogen car is not came out for years on a small-scale. Until the end of 2018, the first production vehicle came down, the all-terrain vehicles GLC F-Cell, which is now phased out but back soon. A successor is not planned.

In the mid-2000s, it tried to rival BMW with the “Hydrogen 7”. Politicians and decision-makers were allowed to drive the emission – free 7 months long rehearsal and were thrilled. But the BMW hydrogen car was. It was too expensive, and suffered from immature technology.

The largest contributor to transport emissions

Now Daimler & Co to launch a new start-up, hydrogen can finally make presentable – but not with a Car, but with heavy “trucks”. Because Trucks are skidding the biggest dirt in the road. Two-fifths of all greenhouse gas emissions in the transport come from the exhaust pipes of the truck. Climate politicians are alarmed. You see, with concern, that the amount of trucks on German and European roads and highways has continued to grow – to the detriment of the environment.

Now Brussels to put on the brakes and sets the vehicle manufacturers under pressure to act. By 2025, the Truck farmer must reduce CO2 emissions by an average of 15 per cent, until 2030 by as much as 30 percent. Do not create this, you will face high penalties.

Fuel cells-haul Trucks as a long-Alternative

To prevent such fines, the industry is working with high-pressure low-emission “trucks”. Daimler CEO Martin Daum speaks of a “lunar Mission”, which has to cope with the industry. For short distances, the manufacturers rely on electric truck for long distances on hydrogen Truck. The larger a vehicle is, and the more drive it, the more sense to do it, to produce the electricity for an electric motor by a fuel cell and not tons of heavy batteries mitzutransportieren, says Daimler truck boss Daum. Truck with fuel cell come in a much greater range than battery-driven vehicles, can be faster, within five minutes to refuel the car and use less critical raw materials. The only disadvantage of considerably lower efficiency.

For more course information to Daimler

Daimler and Volvo ahead

Daimler has recently decided to concentrate the hydrogen on the vehicles. The Swabians will establish a Joint Venture with Swedish Truck makers Volvo at the end of the year. The two partners plan to develop standard Trucks with fuel cell and to produce. In the second half of this decade, then the H2 should roll Trucks from Daimler on the road. By 2030, Daimler is targeting a market share of 15 percent. At the latest in 25 years, almost all of the Daimler to drive truck with hydrogen drive. Ab 2039 no Trucks to be delivered more diesel-powered.

Daimler and Volvo are not the only ones who give in terms of H2 neatly Gas. A few other manufacturers are already active for a longer time and much more. Toyota, for example, has already presented to several fuel-cell-Truck. With the American Trucks built by Kenworth, the Japanese are building the third Generation of Fuel Cell Electric Trucks. The new model comes with a tank of fuel and has a range of almost 500 kilometers. In addition, Toyota developed with the commercial vehicle manufacturer Hino Motors, a fuel cell Truck that can drive 600 kilometers purely electrically. To the Olympic Games of 2021, in Tokyo, brush Japan as a “hydrogen Nation” out.

Other companies are advancing the hydrogen technology. Hyundai has been testing fuel-cell-Truck in Switzerland. In China, the hydrogen buses, to provide, in addition to the electric cars for clean air in the cities are booming.

Nikola for Tesla in the load of traffic?

The mobility, turning a small U.S. Startup by the name of Nikola could accelerate. It wants to roll up the entire Truck market with alternative drives. The company from Arizona developed Pick-ups and Trucks with electric and hydrogen drive. Truck with a Lithium-ion battery should come 500 km, Trucks with fuel cells of up to 1,100 kilometers. The small Start-up has Big plans: With the Partner Iveco car from the middle of 2021, a first battery-powered load, the “Nikola Tre” are made. 2023 will then roll the first fuel cell Truck, the “Nikola Two” by the Band. According to company information Nikola already has a 14,000 pre-orders.

As the name godfather of the scientist Nikola Tesla, is used. Nikola-in-chief Trevor Milton believes even, “we can be bigger than Tesla”. Until then, a miles away, there is certainly still further. So far, the Start-up, no significant revenues. Tesla chief Elon Musk made a mockery of the new competitors and referred to their fuel cells fuel cells as “fool cells” (dummy cells).

Hydrogen Hype in the stock market

On the stock exchange Nikola is celebrated as the “Tesla of tomorrow.” Only two weeks after the IPO on the Nasdaq, it took Nikola a market capitalization of nearly 25 billion dollars. The share of Start-ups shot up by around 150 per cent in the height.

For more course information, to Nikola

The example of Nikola shows how great at the moment, the hydrogen Hype. Bosch expects that by 2030 worldwide, a fifth of all electric vehicles with fuel cell technology will be equipped.

Bosch could belong to the great profiteers of the hoped-for hydrogen-boom. The supplier produces at the heart of the fuel cell drive, the Stacks, together with the Swedish power cell. One of the first customers is Nikola.

Germany on the Gas

New thrust could be calculated to bring the in terms of H2 previously reluctant Germany. The Federal government plans, within the framework of your € 150 billion with a heavy “oomph”-economic stimulus package the construction of a hydrogen economy for nine billion euros. Industry experts hope that there will soon be more H2 filling stations. Furthermore, in the medium term of the previously tax-generating fuel is cheaper. The consulting firm McKinsey predicts that in ten years, hydrogen-50 percent less cost.

The only question is, where does the hydrogen comes remains. So far, it is mainly produced with natural gas. The Federal government relies on a CO2-free variant: the “green hydrogen” produced through electrolysis from renewable energy sources such as solar, Wind or Biogas. This should succeed, is likely to be of hydrogen, the Fuel of the future, especially for the heavy traffic.

Source: boerse.ard.de


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