The Modification of dietary habits is an important pillar in the prevention and treatment of type 2 Diabetes. An overview of the work summarizes the data available on this topic.
“Low carb”, food supplements or unsaturated fatty acids
The Modification of dietary habits is an important pillar in the prevention and treatment of type 2 Diabetes. What can you recommend to the patients but carefully, in order to influence the blood sugar level and lipid parameters are positive and acute and chronic diabetes complications? An overview of the work summarizes the data available on this topic.
The worldwide increase in type 2 Diabetes is primarily a lifestyle, the Overweight and obesity feed makes. A reduction of body weight and the maintenance of normal weight therefore plays a significant role in the prevention of type 2 Diabetes and a recommendation for weight loss is the most patients with to diabetes management.
Omorogieva Ovo from the University of Greenwich in London, UK, provides an Overview of what nutrients the calorie restriction for specific diet recommendations, including the Supplementation of micro – in the case of type 2 Diabetes may be useful.
Vitamin D, Calcium, and zinc
In many cases, specifically for Diabetes Sufferers, certain Vitamin and trace element are offered in combinations. Relatively well in the context of type 2 Diabetes with Vitamin D and Calcium is studied. In several observational studies an Association was shown between high dairy consumption and a reduced risk for type 2 Diabetes, the possible mechanism of action of Calcium on diabetes prevention, however, is still unclear.
Vitamin D plays in addition to the Regulation of bone metabolism is also an important role in glucose homeostasis. In the case of younger Mexican women (20 to 49 years), in whom a Vitamin D deficiency is common, was associated Vitamin D deficiency with obesity, type 2 Diabetes, and elevated total cholesterol values. More information about the possible influence and the mechanism of action, it is hoped that from randomized trials.
Also, zinc is one of the possible candidates that could act with respect to the type 2 Diabetes protective. In a systematic Review with meta-analysis, it was shown that a high zinc intake may reduce the risk of type 2 Diabetes. Strong zinc levels increased in the Serum seem to increase the risk but rather, so that the meaning remains unclear, especially since there is no connection between the intake of zinc supplements and the incidence of type 2 noticed Diabetes. Also, the influence of the supply with zinc, potassium, Calcium, and Magnesium on blood glucose control in type 2 Diabetes was investigated. The supply of this micro was nutrients in the Affected often sub-optimal and a low intake with a higher HbA1CValues and Triglycerides associated.
Carbohydrate restriction and nuts
What is nutrients with the macro? The focus is here placed on a carbohydrate restriction. For a low-carbohydrate diet (LCD), in which a part of the staple by means of nuts will be replaced, is not evidence that it only leads to weight loss, but also glucose and lipid levels are positively influenced. In a further randomised-controlled study explored the question as to whether the expensive tree nuts, such as almonds, can also significantly lower cost peanuts to replace. In both groups, blood sugar and postprandial blood sugar values went here sober alike, and after three months showed no significant difference with respect to the HbA1C between the two Collectives.
A Review from Japan compared in patients with type 2 Diabetes, a calorie with a carbohydrate-reduced diet. Here, too, the carbohydrate reduction was at least in the short term, superior in terms of blood sugar control.
Study results to unsaturated fatty acids inconsistent
Another focus of nutritional medicine in Diabetes, the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are. According to prospective observational studies, a high consumption of saturated fatty acids seems to increase the risk for type 2 Diabetes, a high intake of PUFAs seems to be to demean it. Only about half of the controlled studies that have investigated the influence of fish, fish oil, vegetable oils and nuts, on blood glucose control in Diabetes Patients, but showed a positive result. Here is, therefore, still requires a lot of research, writes the author.
It is undisputed that foods with a low glycemic Index (GI) to the HbA1Cand fasting blood sugar levels have an impact. Also, the triglyceride values, and Interleukin-6 values are favorably influenced, while the cholesterol values do not change significantly.
At least in the animal model, various plant extracts have positive effects on glucose and fuel metabolism in type 2 Fat shown Diabetes. Mushrooms belong to the possible candidates of the white butterfly ginger (Hedychium coronarium), rosemary extract, fermented Tempeh and a combination of freeze-dried Aronia berries (Aronia), red Ginseng and UV-treated Shitake.
Omorogieva Ojo; Dosage Intake and Type 2 Diabetes; Nutriens (2019); 11, 2177; Doi: